Postfix Queue Management
Posted by on 09 October 2018 11:58 AM
To find which mails are stuck in mail queue and why?
If emails are getting delayed, its better to inspect postfix mail queues, coupled with postfix mail log.
Status/Shape of Mail Queue
Postfix maintains different queues for different purpose.
Ideally, we should never have a mail in deferred queue.
If a mail is deferred, it will be moved to deferred queue.
Running following command will show you the number of deferred emails for each domains…
If you see mails to one or more domain only being deferred, check if you can connect to those servers from your network.
Analyze mails in queue
Dump entire mail queue
You can use either
You get dump for all emails from all mail queues including active & deferred queue.
Read an email from mail queue
Every message in queue has a unique id. You can read message in queue using a command like:
It will display your emails with headers and some more info. Using ‘v’ will display extra information.
Attempt to send an email from mail queue
Its better to first open postfix log using something like below:
Then you can identify a stuck mail and attempt to send it by using:
If that mail gets stuck again, check log tab to find reason.
Once you fix issue, you can attempt to send that mail again. Mail ID inside queue remains same even if mail gets deferred again and again.
Attempt to send all email from mail queue
Once you rectify issue and confident about delivery, you may try flushing entire queue immediately using:
Deleting Pending mails from queue
Sometimes you realize that all stuck emails are being sent to non-existent emails. Most likely emails generated because of some spam activity.
Delete All Deferred Mails
In that case, you can simply delete all queued mails using:
Delete a single mail from queue
If you want to just delete one mail, you can try:
Delete mails to a specific mail address
You need to some work here as postfix has no direct command for this.
Following sample is taken from postsuper man page:
Just replace USER@EXAMPLE.COM with receiver email address.
If you want to filter from-email address, use