Difference Between gTLDs and ccTLDs
Posted by Valarie S. on 02 April 2021 03:27 PM

The first-level set of domain names are the top-level domains (TLDs), including the generic top-level domains (gTLDs), such as the prominent domains com, net, biz, info, org and edu, and the country code top-level domains (ccTLDs).

Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs)
gTLDs is a domain type with three or more characters. As the word “generic” suggests, gTLDs are not restricted to any geographic or country designation. It can be registered by anyone on the internet anywhere around the world. gTLDs are not targeted or aimed to any country or location. Different gTLDs are suitable for different purposes of a website:
- .com (suitable for any commercial or business entity)
- .net (suitable for network service)
- .info (suitable for informative and research-based websites)
- .org (suitable for organization)
- .edu (suitable for any education institutions)

The Internet name space is expanding at an unfathomable rate. Thus, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has introduced well over 1500 new generic top-level domains to help niche businesses express their distinctive identity and stand out among the countless number of sites that are around today. These new gTLDs include:
- .app
- .art
- .bike
- .clothing
- .holdings
- .love
- .plumbing
- .shop
- .singles
- .xyz

Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs)
ccTLDs refer to two letter TLDs which are assigned to countries based mostly on their country codes:
- .my (for Malaysia)
- .cn (for China)
- .in (for India)
- .sg (for Singapore)
- .th  (for Thailand)
- .vn (for Vietnam)

A ccTLD is aimed for a particular country or region only, and has geographic and country designation. Many ccTLDs are closed and restricted, as they are managed exclusively by their respective countries themselves. Registration for these ccTLDs usually involve a certain standard process as required by the country’s organization in charge, and may differ from each other. Some require proof of residency in the country. However, there are also some countries which do not restrict their ccTLDs. They openly market and encourage people from around the world to register and use them such as .co, .fm, .me, and .tw.

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